Essay on The De-Institutionalization of Mental Health Care

531 Words 3 Pages
De-Institutionalization of mental Health care
According to NAMI, National Alliance on Mental Illness, 1 in 4 adults and 1 in 10 children, around 60 million people in the US suffer from some sort of mental illness every year. The economic cost for untreated mental illness is over 100 billion dollars a year in the US. World Health Organization has reported that that by 2020 the leading cause of disability in women and children will be depressive disorders. (www.nami.org)
The treatment of mental health patients during the 50’s and 60’s can only be termed as cruel and inhumane but looking at the current statistics institutionalization of all these patients is not a viable option either.
During research, I have found that although the awareness of these issues has increased tremendously there is a huge disconnect between mental health patients and their care givers. Care givers being the specialist doctors that diagnose and are responsible for the cure. Mental checkups are not part of the routine medical exams and unless something serious happens patients are not referred to the specialist. This can be compared to trying to treat cancer at a much later stage. “In the US only 2 in 10 adults with common health problems receive care from a mental health specialist in any given year” (Patel et al., 2013, p. 1). This referenced article also suggests that mental health care should be integrated into routine heath care platforms, because this is the only feasible way to deal with the…