The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing

1274 Words Feb 14th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction

The Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHOH) are understudied population and disproportionately impacted by cardiovascular diseases (CVD) due communication barriers (Mckee, Mckee, Winters, Sutter, & Pearson, 2014; McKee & Paasche-Orlow, 2012; Strong & Prinz, 1997). In considering the link between communication barriers and CVD attribute to insufficient English proficiency, inability to comprehend physicians’ spoken and written instructions, and inability to access community-based health outreach education programs in which all these surface factors increases the chance of DHOH developing CVD (McKee et al., 2011; Margellos-Anast, Estarziau, & Kaufman, 2006). The barriers that restrict access to health information suggest that health assessments are urgently needed to intervene on behalf of the DHOH population in finding ways to alleviate health inequalities (Barnett, McKee, Smith, & Pearson, 2011; Kuenburg, Fellinger, & Fellinger, 2015). In 1987, the United States (US), spent 80 million dollars to care and treat the DHOH population (Zazove & Doukas, 1994). Now, the cost is over $2.1 billion of direct cost for treatment to care for a DHOH with CVD afflictions in a US population of nearly 48 million DHOH out of the 250 million counted DHOH worldwide, which the US already have health care expense of 2.9 trillion dollars as of 2013 (Centers for Disease and Control [CDC], 2015a; CDC, 2015b; National Institutes of Deafness and other Communication Disorder, 2015; WHO,…
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