The Death Of Nurses Deal With And The Coping Mechanisms That Are Most Common

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Upon choosing nursing as a career, it is understood that in this position there would be more death and loss than any other field previously considered. With that realization it is important to understand how to deal with death, and nurse role in the process. By looking at a collective of research articles, it is important to point out that as a nurse death is not experienced by a single individual. It is with this idea that employers should focus in order to help relieve grief or compassion fatigue in employees. This paper explores the circumstances of death that nurses deal with and the coping mechanisms that are most common, with the conclusion of what healthcare employers can do to help alleviate the grief that accompanies. Literature…show more content…
At the top of the list for consideration of a traumatic event was dealing with the death of a young person or resuscitation or death of a baby or young child. In the results found that more than one in four ED nurses showed symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and or fatigue. Thus, showing significant negative effects on both the physiological and psychological well being of nurses, and the effects further on the hospital (decrease task performance or quality of care and increase in turnover rate) (Adriaenssens, Gucht & Maes, 2012). Similar findings were present in a study of ICU nurses, which reported similar statistics in prevalence of PTSD (More job-related, 2007). The loss of a patient does not have to be traumatic to affect the nurse, as Wilson (2014) explores. First, by looking at many other studies before him, he discerned that facing death and patients daily has equipped nurses with the skill of “emotional labour” (Wilson, 2014). Defined, emotional labor is the suppressing of emotions in order to outwardly project an appearance of being in a safe environment (Wilson, 2014). Leading to emotional intelligence, which is a nurse knowing when to smile or talk in a calming tone; all due to the self-awareness of their emotions and what emotions the patient may need to see (Wilson, 2014). The ability to master emotional intelligence is in a way, subduing emotions or detaching from patients; one form of coping
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