The Death Of The Prison

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Prisons have been around for many years. The prison was created as a punishment for individuals who broke the law. There could be many reasons for a person to receive imprisonment; ranging from homicide to fraud. Due to many law violations, there are more people in prisons and jails. From the year 2000 to the present, there was an increase. Jails and prisons house about 1.6 million individuals (Peak, 2012). There are many reasons why there is an increase in individuals going to prison. The first is the use of drugs. This so called war on drugs has left many individuals in prison for possession of drugs, distribution or attempting to distribute. This war on drugs has left many to argue for legalization of some drugs to reduce the amount of people being imprisoned. The second reason could be for the failed lessons of prohibition. Other reasons include “truth-in sentencing laws, violence on television and in the movies, and a general deterioration of morals and of the family” (Peak, 2012, 204). Prisons utilize two ways to achieve their goals. One is managing the prison employees. The other is delivering services to the inmate population. So there is a specific group to work with and control the inmates. The mission of prisons has changed somewhat throughout history. “It is as follows: to protect the citizens from crime by safely and securely handling criminal offenders while providing offenders some opportunities for self-improvement and increasing the chance that they will

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