Australian society has ultimately rejected the idea of the practice of capital punishment making a return into the Australian law books. However, events such as the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the Bali bombings have ensured that the spotlight once again shines on the controversial subject. I am in favour of the practice returning to Australia for heinous crimes such as murder, child molestation, serial rapists, and people who commit acts of animal cruelty. This is because:
Convicts were first bought to Australia in the year 1788 with the first fleet which was led by Captain Arthur Phillips. In the first fleet, there were 11 ships with a total of 717 convicts aboard. The ships were called, Alexander, Borrowdale, Charlotte, Fishburn, Friendship, Golden Grove, Lady Penrhyn, Prince
No one has been executed in Australia since the 2nd of February in 1967. The last incident of execution was when a man named Ronald Ryan was found guilty of shooting a prison guard in an attempt to escape the jail. He was hung in Melbourne. Queensland put an end to the death penalty in 1922. Tasmania did the same in 1968, The federal government ended the death penalty in 1973. Some countries still have the death penalty, the top three countries with the highest execution rate are: China, United states and Pakistan. In South Australia, forty-four hangings took place in the Adelaide Gaol. The society agreed that the death penalty wasn’t the right way to go so in 1976 the Criminal Law Consolidation Act was modified, changing the death penalty
In fact, an increasing number of murders thought to be one of the major fears when the capital punishment was abolished. In Australia Institute of Criminology’s article it evidently says, “The argument for capital punishment usually hinges on the fear of increasing murder rates. Yet in QLD, for example, in the decade prior to the abolition of the capital punishment from 1912-21, there were 131 murders, whereas in the decade following abolition in 1923-32 there were 129 murders. “This clearly shows that abolishing the death penalty does not lead to an increase in murders and homicides in Queensland. Capital punishment should not be an execution in Australia nor should it be brought back as it does not bring a rise in criminals but from the evidence showed it stays about the same in
Body 1~ The crimes of rape, torture, treason, kidnapping, stealing and murder are awful. We can prevent these from happening by bringing back the death penalty, by following this adjustment their will be minor crimes being held. In my opinion If someone murdered an innocent victim they should therefore, be killed there is no question about it. The death penalty can deter people from committing serious crimes and therefore make Australia a safer country.
1. What year and in what case did the US Supreme Court decide that the administration of the death penalty was unconstitutional? Provide a compelling statement form the opinion in this case.
Capital Punishment Research Essay Capital punishment, otherwise known as the death penalty, is a controversial subject which has been argued for decades due to the ethical decisions involved. People believe the death penalty is the right thing to do and that it is the perfect example of ‘justice’ while others believe that it is immoral and overly expensive. The death penalty is not a logical sentence for criminals, it doesn’t give them the right type of justice and it is immoral.
Since the last execution in Australia in 1967 of Ronald Ryan and the abolition of capital punishment in Australia in 1973 imprisonment has been the only option as a sanction for murder. A survey conducted in 2009 demonstrated that a clear majority of Australians (64%) believed that imprisonment should be the punishment for murder as opposed to 23% stating the death penalty should be used and 13% did not wish to comment. The death penalty is not an effective punishment for all cases and there has not been any solid evidence stating that it is a more effective deterrent than imprisonment. Furthermore capital punishment possesses the risk of executing the innocent, which has happened or almost happened numerous times in the past such as
Arthur Lucas and Ronald Turpin were the last two people to be killed executed due to capital punishment on December 11, 1962. Ronald Turpin was convicted of killing an officer when he stopped him after escaping a robbery. Arthur Lucas was convicted of murdering an undercover officer from Detroit in Toronto. After this in 1976, capital punishment was replaced, it went from execution to a life sentence without a possibility of parole for 25 years. The House of Commons voted for this bill to be passed. Although capital punishment it was removed from the Canadian criminal code it still remained in the Canadian National Defence Act for the most serious military offences such as treason and mutiny. In 1987, The bill was almost reintroduced by the Canadian House of Commons but was defeated in a vote. Finally, in 1998 the Canadian National Defence act abolished the death penalty and replace it with life imprisonment without parole before 25 years. This was the end of capital punishment in Canada forever. Although capital punishment is now completely illegal in Canada, it is legal in 32 states in America. Unlike Canada who only used one method of execution, America has used many more
INTRODUCTION- 56% of Australians agree that the death penalty should be reintroduced, as the Australian Debate.org clearly states. The death penalty is to intimidate others who are thinking about committing a crime. If we don't use the death penalty, what kind of punishment are we giving to make them pay for their crime? Putting them in prisons with TV’s, gyms and air-conditioned cells, and they are also cooked for! Criminals need to learn their lesson, by not just getting a slap on the wrist but a death sentence.
A Liberal Perspective on Capital Punishment The liberal ideology is based in the values of individualism, in that the individual themselves is important in their pursuit and struggle for freedom. There are some factors that are common in liberalism, some of which include: liberty, formation of equality and dominance of individuals in bearing within their society. This essay will discuss these ideas of liberalism in relation to how they support the controversial issue of capital punishment. Capital punishment is the sentencing of someone who has committed a serious offence to death. Capital punishment was practiced in Australia since the British colonisation and formally abolished when it was last used in 1967. Only in 2010 did federal legislation prohibit capital punishment in all Australian states and territories. The attitudes towards capital punishment are multidimensional and complex, which makes determining the public’s opinion a complicated issue. There has been research that has found that an individual’s attitude towards capital punishment is reflective of one’s ideological self-image. There is worry that liberals could ground retributive justice in concrete, in that they could enforce more if that’s what they feel the public is looking for. Another issue for both the public and the government is that many people are ignorant on the factual issues that have to do with the death penalty, which can affect people’s opinions and therefore their actions on the
A question that has been asked since the foundation of our country was made is, “Can the death penalty be considered Constitutional?” Thomas Jefferson was known to have written letters with the same topic. Now only thirty-one states, along with the federal government, still believe that the death penalty is within the boundaries of the Constitution. Twenty executions of the death penalty occurred last year, 2016, and approximately 1500 have since the 1970s (Pennekamp).
The case of the Bali 9 caused a tremendous amount of controversy worldwide mainly for the reason that they were executed for what would be considered an less of an offense than other typical death penalty punishments. Andrew Chan and Myan Sukumaran were the leaders of the Bali Nine organization who were found guilty of attempting to smuggle more than 8 kg of heroin valued at about $4 million from Indonesia to Australia in 2005. Chan and Sukumaran were sentenced to death by firing squad and the other seven were sentenced to life
The Death Penalty has been used in the United States since the very foundation of our nation; the first recorded case was the execution of Captain George Kendall in 1608 in the Jamestown colony as it was believed Kendall was a spy (DPIC). Americans have seen executions throughout history and are somewhat exposed to the idea but the 21st century is a very different place than the 17th century. This century is a time of equality and rights for people of all
On the 17th of April 2005 a group of Australians who are known as the “Bali Nine,” foolishly planned to smuggle 8.3kg of heroin into Australia but, were intercepted by the Indonesian Police. They were condemned for their crime and now face the Death Penalty due to the Indonesian laws involving drug trafficking. Such cruel and barbaric laws ensure that life for those found guilty would be either hell in prison or life will be cut short for the perpetrators. Being young and foolish may result in severe consequences but taking away the life of any person for mistakes made is against humanity.