The Death Toll Of The Genocide

852 WordsJul 14, 20154 Pages
The crime of committing, destroying, or trying to destroy the existence of a group of people because of their racial (whose identity is defined by physical), national (whose identity is defined by a common country of nationality or national origin), ethnic (whose identity is defined by physical characteristics), or religious group (whose identity is defined by common religious creeds, beliefs, practices, or rituals), is known as genocide, and this term did not exist before 1944. Usually the death toll of the genocide is in thousands and in some cases in millions. According to the Canadian scholars, Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn, they have identified four main types of genocide: first, Ideological: this type of genocide is committed in an effort to achieve an ideal social structure in which all members of society are alike or hold the same belief. For example the Armenian genocide in 1915, when the leaders of the Turkish government killed over 1.5 millions of Turkey’s Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. Also, Cambodian, and Jews/Roma in Germany. Second type, Retributive: this genocide mostly to occur when one group dominates another group and fears its rebellion or when the other group actually rebels. For example the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, when members of the Hutu ethnic majority in Rwanda murdered as many as 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority. The third type is Developmental: usually the government use this type of genocide against the native people to
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