The Debate Over Organic Certification For Aquatic Animals

1687 Words Mar 3rd, 2016 7 Pages
a) Becky Mansfield uses “the debate over organic certification for aquatic animals” (216) in order to enlighten the inconsistency of the organic movement’s ideas (230). The organic community creates standards that are supported by their ideas, but when the ideas become inconsistent and contradictory, it becomes very clear that their standards are not set up on stable grounds.

b) The article was written in 2004, two years after the “first US National Organic Standards” was implemented (216). This would have given researchers and anyone involved in the agriculture world enough time to investigate the basis for the organic movements standards, and to judge whether or not the standards were consistent and fair.

2) Purpose of the article
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It’s important to understand their point of view because Becky uses it to expose the contradictions inherent in their denial of wild fish for organic status.

c) The introduction mainly relates to the following paragraph called “conventionalisation, views of nature, and organic standards,” because they are both dedicated to explaining the organic movement’s values, beliefs and standards. It also relates to the overarching argument because in understanding what the organic movement values—namely, not being conventionalised for fear of losing their identity— we can also understand why they sacrifice their movement’s reputation as consistent in order to defend their values.

Conventionalisation, views of nature, and organic standards (pages 217-220)
a) In this sub-section, Becky explains the difference between conventional farming and organic farming. Part of the difference lies in the “non-dualistic” qualities of organic farming, meaning that the processes inflicted by humans on natural systems are ecologically sustainable and non-harmful (218). However, in a world where conventionalization happens overnight, the Organic movement must resist this force if it wants to keep it’s distinctive values from becoming indistinguishable from those of the conventional agricultural movements. Furthermore, the organic identity will be misrepresented when Organic products are standardised because their values that distinguish them from other forms of

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