The Debate Over Rehabilitation And Retribution

906 WordsNov 6, 20154 Pages
The criminal justice system comprises of many distinct stages, including arrest, prosecution, trial, sentencing, and punishment. There are four punishments: Deterrence, Incapacitation, Rehabilitation, and Retribution. It is in the last two of these many stages that the debate over rehabilitation and retribution is of some significance. The purpose of the Criminal Justice System is to produce justice for all, by sentencing and punishing the accountable and helping them to stop whatever crime they have committed, all while protecting the innocent. Deterrence is an idea that criminal laws are passed with clear sentences to persuade individual criminal suspects from turning out to be repeat offenders and to oppose others in society from doing similar criminal activity. It is one of the primary objects of the Criminal Law. Deterrence primary goal is to discourage members of society from committing criminal acts out of fear of punishment. Incapacitation is the effect of jail time to prevent the criminal person from committing future crimes. Incapacitation is different from deterrence where someone is punished to make him or her understand the specific consequences of his or her crime. Incapacitation intends to avoid future crimes by taking away the person’s capability to commit crimes by locking them up. Criminals are put in jail to not only protect others in the community from the person, but also to protect the criminal from the community. Rehabilitation is the
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