The Debate of Abortion Being Legal

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The legalization of abortion has been a long debate since 1865 and is still being debated today. An abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy. Many people believe that abortions should not be legalized because it is essentially killing a human being. Others believe that it is the right of the woman to choose whether or not to have an abortion and say abortions should be legal. Since an abortion involves the termination of a potential human life, it has been illegal through most of the U.S history. However, abortion continues to be legal today although it still generates raging debates over its legal and ethical viability. The United States did not begin to prohibit abortion until the nineteenth century. Except abortions that were “necessary to save the life of the woman”, most abortions were illegal in the U.S. by 1880. One reason for making abortion crime was because most procedures done had high mortality rates. Risks against women for performing these procedures, however, cannot explain the large push against abortion. The stated “protection” of women against the harms of these dangers were intended to restrict and control them back to their traditional roles of child-bearing. “Antiabortion legislation was part of an antifeminist backlash to the growing movements for suffrage, voluntary motherhood, and other women’s rights in the nineteenth century.” (New York: Penguin Books, 1990) Male doctors saw midwives as a threat to their own social power because the
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