The Decline Of The Industrial Revolution

1554 WordsApr 11, 20177 Pages
The industrial revolution is a rapid development of industry that happened in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries. It was characterized by the development of machinery, the growth of factories and the large production of manufactured goods. Between the end of the Civil War and the early twentieth century, the United States experienced one of the most significant economic technologies from Britain to the United States and founded the first U.S cotton mill in Beverly, Massachusetts. In addition, Federal government actively promoted to industrial and agricultural development. Consequently, rapid growth of factory production, mining and railroad construction was the outcome of the economic growth. America’s economy grew so fast that it…show more content…
The workers labored 10 to 12 hours per day or 60 to 72 hours per week without pensions, compensation for injuries and protections against unemployment. American workers experienced dangerous working conditions. The work environment was not safe and each year many workers died because of factory and mine accidents. In addition, workers felt alienated and not a part of what was going on in the workplace. In response of changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution workers organized strikes and unions. In 1877, workers organized “Great Upheaval” railroad Strike because the company had reduced workers’ wages twice over the previous year. The strikers stopped rail traffic until the most recent pay cut was returned to the employees. Haymarket Affair was another strike which took place in 1886 in support of the 8-hour workday. On May 1, 350,000 native-born and immigrant workers gathered together to fight for their working conditions. The day became significant as an international Workers’ day. In 1892, the “Homestead Lockout” strike occurred between the Carnegie steel company many of its workers for the right to keep the steel Union alive. Also in 1894, workers of Pullman town where railroad cars were manufacturing organize a strike known as “Pullman Railroad Strike” to protest a reduction of wages for 28%. Workers also organized unions, such as Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor, and Industrial
Open Document