Essay about The Decomposting Process or Soil Amendment

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Composting is a method that converts the organic matter which has been decomposed and recycled into a fertilizer. For this reason; the composting process is also commonly referred to as soil amendment. It is one of the key ingredients of organic farming (Robbins & Dustin 2011).This is also described as nature’s way of recycling, because composting is the biological process of breaking up of organic waste such as food waste, manure, leaves, grass trimmings, paper, worms, and coffee grounds, into an tremendously suitable humus-like substance. This biological process is performed by different micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in presence of oxygen. Bacteria are the most actively involved group of microbes in facilitating…show more content…
Composting is a method that converts the organic matter which has been decomposed and recycled into a fertilizer. For this reason; the composting process is also commonly referred to as soil amendment. It is one of the key ingredients of organic farming (Robbins & Dustin 2011).This is also described as nature’s way of recycling, because composting is the biological process of breaking up of organic waste such as food waste, manure, leaves, grass trimmings, paper, worms, and coffee grounds, into an tremendously suitable humus-like substance. This biological process is performed by different micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in presence of oxygen. Bacteria are the most actively involved group of microbes in facilitating the process. During composting, the aerobic micro-organisms turn the organic waste into ammonium, heat, and carbon dioxide (Cornell Waste Management Institute 2014). Ammonium is produced in form of nitrogen (NH4) which is an important nutrient for perennials, such as maize and shrubs. Failure to consume NH4 by the plants leads to further conversion of the product into nitrate (NO3) which also helps complete the nitrogen cycle. Generally, the process of composting takes place naturally. However, human interventions can be used to speed up the process of composting. The process of composting only takes place under favourable conditions. Five conditions that promote the process of composting are: 1. Introducing worms and micro-organisms:

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