The Defeat Of The South

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Many historians offer various reasons for the defeat of the South (Confederacy) in its battle against the North (Union) during the Civil War. Some of the theories historians offer include the overriding Union power in people, manufacturing, raw material and other reserves; financial failure, due to the Union blockade of ports and ruining the railway structure; political infighting among the Confederacy; and persistent loyalty to states’ rights causing opposition between the government in Richmond and the assorted Southern states. This paper’s purpose is to espouse a theory that a combination of these factors provides a thorough explanation as to why the South lost the Civil War (1861-1865). The North maintained staggering strength throughout the Civil War; the North had the advantage of numbers and skilled generals in regards to overriding Union power in people. Civil War historian, William C. Davis, suggests that the South possessed only one good army general, Robert E. Lee; whereas the North nurtured along people like Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Philip Sheridan and George H. Thomas (Zebrowski, 1995). The North also benefited from the leadership of Abraham Lincoln who became president of the United States in 1860. Due to the deluge of immigrants pouring into the North, the population in the North enormously outnumbered the Confederacy population. The Union army called 2.1 million Northerners to arms to fight; whereas the South rallied 880,000 men to serve in the
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