The Definition Of Labeling Theory And Deterrence Theory

1116 WordsMay 8, 20175 Pages
In society, we have “norms”, social laws that everyone is expected to abide by whether we prefer to or not. Society tells us what we can and cannot do, what we can and cannot wear, and who it is considered acceptable to speak to. Unfortunately, once you have been pinned by society as different, it is hard to stray from the label that people know you by. Even after seeing someone else make the wrong decisions, it is easy to have mixed emotions and decipher from what is right and what is wrong. Labeling theory and Deterrence theory help explain the behavior patterns of criminals and how they are pushed to the point of committing crime. Criminals sometimes have mental and physical disabilities that can alter the way they make decisions and…show more content…
A deviant is not any one person from a set group, a deviant can be found in any setting or time. A person can be labeled deviant for any behavior that is not considered “normal”. People are normally labeled by their parents, teachers and mentors. behavior. In reading Chapter Sixteen of the text book under environment, it describes how parenting styles affect children. Without knowing where the child came from and how they were raised, it would almost be impossible to know where their antisocial behavior stems from. The article explains that several examples of parenting styles that were linked to anti-social behavior and deviant behavior such as: hostility, excessive punishment, and constant blaming. Although the child’s upbringing is a giant factor, the researchers also consider biological factors. They claim that genetic factors have a direct influence on their antisocial behavior. (reading 16 p.276-80) studies. The philosophers responsible for this theory are George Mead, Emile Durkhiem, and Howard Becker. George Mead saw everyone as a community that had certain expectations. The communities’ expectations were strict and perceived any characteristics outside of these norms to be deviant. They did not see the unstable as unstable, they saw them as socially unacceptable individuals who could control their behavior when appropriate. (Labeling Theory Lesson) Howard Becker and Emile Durkheim focused more on social
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