The Definition Of Superstition

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According to the definition quoted in American Heritage Dictionary, superstition can be defined as “beliefs that are inconsistent with known laws of nature or what is generally considered rational in a society”. (Kramer & Block, 2008) The word superstition is derived from Latin “super” & “sisto” meaning “the one who is above” or “the one who is not progressive”. Dictionary definitions elude to the negative aspect of the concept of superstition and focuses on the unawareness of the people who believe in such a phenomenon. It is often believed to have stemmed from the fear of unknown. Superstitions seem to be a universal phenomenon which originates in ones belief in the miracle and the existence of a suprantural force. It often overlaps in the…show more content…
According to this theory, human beings have the belief or illusion that their actions have direct influence on the events when in reality no such connection exists. Thus human beings continue to believe in the illusion that they have a measure of control over the events. Therefore, people carry out superstitious behaviors as they believe that their actions are influencing and controlling the event or situation. This sort of belief is more common in events which are a mixture of human skill and chance such as in sports where part of the outcome is linked with human skill as well. Such events further reinforce the illusion of control and therefore the superstitious behavior. (Langer, 1975, 1977; Langer & Roth, 1975) Furthermore, superstitious behavior development is also linked with perception of loss of control over a situation. A research was conducted in 2004, which established the inverse relation between the practice of superstitious behavior and the decreased control over the situation. More and more superstitious actions were carried out with increased loss of control over a situation. (Case, et al,
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