The Degradation Of Socio Ecological Coastal Areas Of The Philippines

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Introduction The Philippines is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia. The Philippines is composed of 7,100 islands bestowed with rich coastal resources and marine diversity (Balgos, 2005). With rich coastal resources, Filipinos made coastal fishing activities its main livelihood. On the other hand, tourism is also seen as a growing industry in the coastal areas. This has resulted in the degradation of socio-ecological coastal areas in the Philippines. Because of this problem, it is important for the stakeholders to clearly identify its roles and responsibilities in order to make a sustainable future for everyone. However, if the policies are not clearly defined and strictly implemented, problems and issues, particularly with coastal resources, will arise. These include “overfishing, destructive fishing, sedimentation and disposal of untreated waste, lack of integrated management plans, lack of enforcement, lack of community involvement, and lack of alternative livelihood options” (Parras, 2001). This will not only affect the physical environment, but also everyone that depends on it and its resources for their livelihood. As environmental issues are a very broad topic to discuss, I will be only focusing on the current challenges being faced by the stakeholders involved in Tacloban City, Philippines (Figure 1). For example, the policies being implemented that affect coastal shores and resources, and the strategies that will help minimize the damage around it.
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