The Degree of Success of Reza Shah Pahlavi after the 1925 Coup

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The Degree of Success of Reza Shah Pahlavi after the 1925 Coup “A passionate but ruthless nationalist with little formal education, Reza Khan had a clear vision for Iran’s transition to modernity often using Ataturk’s Turkey as a model.” - Milani, Mohsen M. The Making of Iran’s Islamic Revolution. Iran entered the interwar period in a troubled state. Iran’s economy was devastated and its current ruler Ahmad Shah seemed to have little authority over his country as it was in effect governed by the ruling powers Britain and Russia. However in October 1917 the balance of power was altered with the victory of the Bolsheviks in Russia, forcing them to withdraw: “Britain determined to protect its oil…show more content…
Then, with the support of the army, the British and the ulama, Reza Khan persuaded the Majlis to “entrust the crown of the oldest monarchy on earth to (his) family”[5] thus marking the beginning of the Pahlavi dynasty. Reza Khan, now firmly in power, began a period of rapid modernization. Modernization is defined as the process of changing the conditions of a society by forcing them to accept many of the attributes and conventions of the current century. This is exactly what the new shah tried to do, however his methods proved ineffective. The shah’s reforms were on numerous occasions superficial and not successful. The shah based many of his ideals on his role model, Mustafa Kamal Attaturk. But he was less successful than Ataturk in forging a strong national ideology because “Ataturk was able to control the mullahs and to find a place for them as well as for merchants and intellectuals in the new Turkey. He governed as an autocrat but also as a twentieth century politician. By contrast, Reza Shah ruled as a monarch, proving adept as centralization but not at delegation.”[6] He saw the clergy as a hindrance to his plans for modernization and did everything possible to

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