existing wars between each other” (Hdt. VII.145.1) in order to fight against Persia. However, only one Peloponnesian state (Sparta) offered help throughout the wars.
The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought between Athens and Sparta’s Peloponnesian League. The Peloponnesian War had many causes which included anti-Athenian feelings by the Peloponnesian League and competitive feelings for power. It began when Athens started to dominate and treat other members of the delian league like subjects. This in turn caused Sparta to refuse to join the delian league so he created a rival league which was the Peloponnesian League.
Athens took advantage of the other members states of the Delian League. The text says, “In terms of uniform training and discipline this system had its advantages, but the Athenians gained the experience in ware ware and the allies, growing
Originally, The Delian League was an alliance created to continue the onslaught on the Persia after the Greeks successfully repelled the second Persian invasion - the founding principle was "offense is the best line of defense" and speculations that Persia could one day arrange another invasion (Butler, 2007).
This alliance became known as the Delian League. The time period for this is roughly 450 BC. The League members recognized Athens as the head of the League. Athens soon became very authoritarian in dealings with the member states often preventing them from independent and finally transferring the finances for the League from Delos to Athens. These funds simply became tribute to Athens.
Sparta ended up winning the war in a naval battle, they built a huge fleet of ships using Persian money and timber. They captured 170 Athenian ships and executed 3,000 soldiers. The Dellian league had no choice but to surrender. Conditions of surrender was that Athens had to take down the Long Walls, they could not rebuild a fleet bigger than 12 ships and they had to pay Sparta, which was now finally recognized as the dominant power in
Pericles wanted Athens to be primus inter pares status among the Greek City-Sates and have its continued dominance over the Delian League to be stabilized its alliance. The foundation upon which the Delian League was transformed into the Athenian Hegemony is generally considered to have been laid well before Pericles' time; he is just the one to finalize the process. The act that was the final nail in the Delian League’s coffin occurred in 454 BCE when the treasury of the alliance was from transferred the island Delos to Athens. There are two motives that are the most likely ones behind this change of location. The first was Athens' defeat in Egypt, which challenged Ahtenian control of the Aegean and encouraged a number of allies, such as
The Delian League was created by the Athenians, and was an alliance between the poleis in an attempt to protect themselves against the Persians. The Athenians became oppressive and began sending garrisons to the other poleis. They destroyed any allies that wanted to remove themselves from the alliance. The Athenian goal of taking control over the entire Mediterranean region made other poleis anxious, and Sparta, the only other superpower of the Greek world, now removed itself from the league in 431 BCE. This ignited the Peloponnesian War that lasted for 27 years. It was known that Sparta had the stronger army and Athens had a more advanced navy, so Pericles developed a plan for the Athenians. The Athenian population would be placed within
The Athenian Empire was a more voluntary alliance of city-states that were impressed by the Athenian Navy's prowess in the Persian War and were willing to pay for its protection. Athens used this revenue to further improve its navy, as well as improve its own infrastructure and defenses. Included in these improvements was the construction of large walls around the city and down to the port at Piraeus, home of the Athenian Navy.
Invasion to Sicily is a certain choice of Athenian strategy because after Peloponnesian War they were trying to find new resources in order to beat each other’s. However, the Sicily was long distance from Athens, it was very difficult to take reinforce and logistic. The Sicilian expedition of Athens in the Peloponnesian War was biggest mistake Athens it was beginning of the collapse Athens. The Athens strategy end was feed of manpower but they miscalculated means (resources) because during the fighting with Syracusan, the Athens force was suffering. Therefore, Nicias sent a letter to Athens that describes the condition and he asked must instantly depart or be strongly reinforced. “Nicias tells the Athenians that Athens has ho military resources in reserve and concludes the failure here will lead to Athens’ quick defeat by Syracuse and Sparta.” The Athens could not adapt a good strategy because they miscalculated risks, therefore, they gave chance for Sparta. Now the Athens fear from Sparta. The Sparta initial strategy was still exist to defeat in
The Romans and Latium formed a coalition with the aid of a treaty, but the agreement soon came to an end and the treaty was abandoned and then renewed. The Latium felt that Rome wanted to be the head of the Latium again, so they proposed that they get absolute equality with the Romans and when their proposal was rejected they went to war to fight for their independence. Latium was defeated and Rome dissolved the league because it seemed safe to deal with one city at a time and not the whole league. This was meant to strip/ limit the Latium their power because by taking away their self governance they could not rebel or continue with war against Rome.
In roughly 460 BCE, Epilates and Pericles launched an attack and changed their approaches of conservatism at home and positive relations with Sparta abroad. For around fifteen years (461-445 BCE), Athens, in cooperation with Argos, went to war with Sparta for control of the Greek territory; this was the First
The history that the Greeks left impacted our world greatly and shaped how things are today. From the periods of local culture that that the Mycenaean Civilization left, to the imperial power that the Athenian Empire had, and to the dominant cultural model of the Hellenic Empire of Alexander the
Conclusively, The Delian League lasted for seventy four years and the primary objective of the league was successful because Persians could not invade Greece anymore due to their strong naval power lead by Athens. And Unfortunately, Athenian domination lead to distrust and internal conflicts among city-states which could not make the Delian league success to be continuous at a long
The exiting of Sparta from this alliance at the conclusion of the war gave way for Athens to rise as the power which controlled the alliance. This gave Athens control of much of the coast, and allowed them to control and build up great commercial power. This would lead to the creation of the Athenian Empire. Athens would hold power until war breaks out between them and Sparta. Athens would eventually fall to Sparta with the defeat of her navy at