The "Delta Forces" Causing Change in Human Resource Management

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CHAPTER1

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The "DELTAForces" Causing Change in Human ResourceManagement
Allen 1.Kraut Abraham K. Korman

The world ofwork in which human resource management

(HRM)

operates has changed dramatically in thelast half century. Not surprisingly, therefore, the HRM concepts and practices being created and carried Ollt today are also increasingly different from those of the past. Planners and practitioners who understand this and who also have a way LOanticipate the coming changes and needed HRM a practices of the future will provide thcir organizations Wit11 strate. gic competitive advantage. It is our view that virtually all the changes we see in HRM concepts and practices are in response to changing social,
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Birth staúsúcs tell us how many people there will be to employ. For example, Americans born during the low birthrate years of the 1930s formed a relatively small cohort. Yet they entered the workforce during the 1950s and 1960s, a long period ofunparalleled growth and expansion in the post-World War II economy. Being much in demand, these workers stepped onto an escalator to career growth ano prosperity that often seemed to exceed their individual work achievements. Similarly, we can see important if

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EVOLVlNG PRACfICES IN HUMAN REsOURCE MANAGEMENT

THE "DELTA FORCES" CAUSING CHANGE IN HRM

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periodically doing an environmental "sean" of the forees that are likely to have an impaet in the future.

Exhibít 1.1. The DELTA Forces of Change . on the Human Resource Enviroriment. t::. The Five DELTA Forces
We believe that the signifieant environmental HRM policy and practice fall into five sets: forees influencing
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DemograPhics refers to those aspeets

of the quantity

and quality

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of the workforce itself that are determined by birth rates, participation by women and minorities, immigration, migration, and edueation. E.conomicscovers issues like the basis of the national
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