The Department of Homeland Security Essay

920 WordsJul 21, 20104 Pages
Introduction The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) became operational on January 24, 2003 60 days after the Senate passed the Homeland Security Act of 2002 into law. The Department of Homeland Security is the third largest cabinet department, only after the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs. The Homeland Security Act of 2002, Public Law 107-296 was enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress. The Department of Homeland Security is an executive department of the United States within the meaning of title 5, United States Code. MISSION The primary mission of the Department is to (a) prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; (b) reduce…show more content…
The President – using the maximum legal authority available to him – created the Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council in the weeks following the attack on America as an immediate step to secure the homeland. (Bush, 2002) On March 1 2003, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), Coast Guard, The Customs Service, and the United States Secret Service were transferred from their existing agencies along with 17 other agencies to the new department. The agencies all work as separate entities, responsible to different authorities all of which are appointed by DHS. The Department of Homeland Security organizational structure has four divisions. • Border and Transportation Security • Emergency Preparedness and Response • Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Countermeasures Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection [pic] The common goal of all agencies, is to work in the civilian aspect to protect the United States, securing our nation's borders and transportation systems. They administer who and what enters our native soil and work to prevent the ingress of terrorists and the instruments of terrorism while ensuring the prompt flow of justifiable interchange. Its stated goal is to prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies,

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