The Dependent Variable Is The Amount Of Morphine Newborns

1592 Words7 Pages
The dependent variable is the amount of morphine newborns require in their treatment of NAS. The independent variable is the opioid drug, buprenorphine or methadone. Extraneous variables in this study could include illicit drug use, nicotine ingestion, depression, exposure to sexual victimization, physical violence, inadequate nutrition on mother, or any other stressors the mother has that could potentially stress the fetus in turn causing different effects on the newborn and NAS. Another extraneous variable could be whether the newborns are fed breast milk or formula. Since buprenorphine and methadone are still given after delivery and the opioid can be transferred via breast milk, the newborn can either still be getting the drug during breastfeeding, or be weaned from it by slowly going from breast milk to formula; both can affect withdrawal symptoms thus affecting the NAS. Population, Sample Design, and Generalizability Newborns born to opioid dependent women is our population. The sample in our study is newborns born to opioid dependent women who will use either buprenorphine or methadone during their pregnancy. We will be using simple random sampling. Results in past research conclude that buprenorphine exposure in utero, versus methadone can give newborns better outcomes (Coyle, 2013; Jones, 2010; Lacroix, 2011). With the congruent results, the use of a true experiment, and implementing random assignment we can apply these study results from the sample into the
Open Document