The Desert Village Poem Analysis

1642 Words7 Pages
Oliver Goldsmith uses his poem, "The Deserted Village," to critique capitalist ventures in the midst of English modernization. In his social commentary poem, "The Deserted Village," Goldsmith laments the once-thriving village of Auburn to reflect the newly-adopted business ethos that espouses avarice in English society as it enters the industrial era. Goldsmith criticizes greed because industrial tyrants are quickly ravaging England’s land and displacing citizens into America. The work implies that the short-term consequences of this avarice, extreme poverty and physical decay, and long-term consequences, abandoning rural virtues and pursuing wealth, are two halves of the English industrial problem.
The speaker in the poem describes a lush scene and simple lifestyle to characterize Auburn. The speaker asks, "How often have I loitered o'er thy green,/ Where humble happiness endeared each scene." (ll. 7-8) The green the speaker refers to is a euphemism for Auburn's lush, grassy hills. They connect the life in the grass to the happiness that seems to be all over the place. It is one of the village's many charms that the speaker lists, "How often have I paused on every charm,/ The sheltered cot, the cultivated farm,/ The never-failing brook, the busy mill." (ll. 9-11) These described parts of the village are implying life, human or natural, in the village landscape. The sheltered cot and busy mill are two places that villagers regularly occupy. People sleep in the cot and work

More about The Desert Village Poem Analysis

Get Access