The Design Model Developed By Sister Callista Roy

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In the clinical setting, nurses must evaluate their patients in order to better understand their needs. Multiple conceptual models exist in order to guide the evaluation process as well as to enhance the nurses’ scope of practice. The focus of this paper will be based on the Roy Adaptation Model developed by Sister Callista Roy, in which the model will be explained, analyzed and discussed through a clinical situation. Presentation of the conceptual model Sister Callista Roy established her first publication of the Roy Adaptation model in 1970 defining nursing as "enhancing life processes to promote adaptation" (Roy, 2009, p.28). Many theorists, such as Helson and von Bertalanffy, inspired the creation of her own model (McEwen & Wills, 2011). The two core principles that make up this model are humanism and veritivity (Pepin, Kerouac & Ducharme, 2010). Humanism describes the importance of the subjective dimensions of a person while the term veritivity, created by Roy, is “the principle of human nature that affirms a common purposefulness of human existence” (Roy, 2009, p.28). Consequently, the Roy adaptation model emphasizes the need to adapt. It assesses the interaction and effect the environment may be having on the patient while undergoing the disease process or experience. Thus, the environment and the patient’s health are interchangeable. The modes of adaptation consist of the physiological mode as well as three psychosocial modes, which are broken down into
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