The Design Of The Human Body

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The design of the human body is surprisingly flawed when looked at from a scientific view. These flaws cannot be fixed through natural ways because nature is hard to go against. However, there are two fields of scientific research that have shown promise in being able to fix these flaws and make an almost perfect human. The fields of genetics and stem cell research have shown great promise in fixing what we felt were “natural flaws” in the human body. Genetics and stem cell research are completely different fields, but they are connected by one important issue, fixing these “natural flaws.” These two fields will be the answer to treating sicknesses, making new cells, and lead to making an almost perfect human being. Genetic research has…show more content…
Genetics has reached the point where a mutated gene is replaced with a beneficial gene. CRISPR, or Clustered Regulatory Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, is a gene editing tool that can be the cure to genetic diseases. CRISPR was discovered by Francisco Mojica in 2007 while doing research on bacteria (Zhang 2017). The best way to describe CRISPR’s function is it works like spell check. CRISPR can find “typos” in the DNA sequence and modify the sequence (Zhang 2017). CRISPR’s discovery has been a breakthrough in the complicated problem that is fighting genetic disorders. CRISPR will lead to new ways of combating genetic disorders and lead to a permanent solution to a serious problem. CRISPR is a new breakthrough, so it has had limited human application. This approach has been used on animals, particularly infected with the HIV virus. Scientists at Temple University used CRISPR to cut the HIV DNA out of the host cell genome (Park 2016). The HIV virus works by injecting RNA into a host cell. The RNA then changes to DNA using an enzyme called Reverse Transcriptase. The DNA is then incorporated into the host cell’s genome, allowing the HIV virus to be made and assembled in the cell. Once the virus is made, the new virus buds out of the cell and spreads through the body. This knowledge led to Kamel Khalili, a director at Temple University to use CRISPR to cut the viral DNA out of the host cell’s genome (Park 2016). The success of CRISPR in animals
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