The Determinants Of Potential Of Susceptibility Essay

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Developed determinants of susceptibility are just as dangerous, if not more, as innate determinants of susceptibility. When groups with preexisting respiratory diseases — including chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or asthma — inhale fine particulate matter, it irritates and inflames the lungs and airways (“Air pollution and asthma”, 2015). This makes deep breathing difficult and forces the lungs and associated breathing muscles to work harder and faster in order to provide the body and its tissues with adequate amounts of oxygen to function normally. When groups with preexisting cardiovascular diseases — including hypertension, heart failure, coronary heart disease, or stroke — inhale fine particulate matter, it inflames the heart, arteries, and other vessels (“Air Pollution and Heart Disease,” 2016). This significantly increases the risk of stroke, arrhythmias, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and heart failure. PM2.5 also plays a role in causing plaques in vessels to rupture which can trigger a heart attack. Since the heart has inefficient functioning due to the increased demand and workload that air pollution presents to it, it must pump harder and faster in order to provide the body and its tissues with adequate perfusion of blood to function normally. According to Rajagopalan (2012), diabetic patients have previously been shown to be more susceptible to air pollution-induced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality because fine particulate matter decreases vascular
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