The Deterrence Theory : Deterrence And Punishment

831 Words Sep 22nd, 2015 4 Pages
Classic Deterrence Theory The deterrence theory was based on the belief that humans control their behavior based on the perceived rewards and punishments that would result from such actions. The theorists believed the severe, certain, and swift punishment was the key to deterrence. A rational person is thought to measure both the gains and losses before committing a crime and would more than likely to be deterred from violating the law, they believed the loss was greater than the gain. Classical philosophers thought that certainty was more efficient in preventing crimes than the severity of punishment. They rejected capital punishment as a practical method for punishing murderers and perpetrators of other serious offenses. The philosophers believed the primary purpose of punishment was deterrence, not vengeance. The deterrence theory relies on three individual components: severity, certainty, and celerity. It is thought severe penalties, , will desist from criminal acts, which thus prevent crime. However, if the sentence believed to be too harsh would be considered unjust. While, punishments not severe enough will not deter convicts from committing wrongdoings

Crime and Punishment Deterrence theory expresses that people do not commit crimes because they are afraid of getting caught. According to deterrence theory, people are less likely to committing a crime if the punishment is swift, certain and severe. Therefore, if there is a small likelihood that you 'll get caught or…
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