The Development And Growth Of A Child Into Their Adult Years

2510 Words Apr 14th, 2015 11 Pages
Throughout the decades, there have been many theorists that have contributed their ideas and proposals, in regards to what they believe affects the development and growth of a child into their adult years. Three of these successful theorists include: Erik Erikson, Daniel Levinson, and George Herbert Mead. They each studied the developmental stages throughout one’s life in their own perspectives, each proposing a new and revised theory.
Born in 1902, Erik Erikson was a psychologist best known for his study and theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. He has published a number of books on his theories and research, including Childhood and Society, The Life Cycle Completed, and Gandhi’s Truth. As a student of Freud, he was greatly influenced by his teacher’s theories of personal development. However, where Freud’s theory of psychosexual development essentially ends at early adulthood, Erikson’s theory goes on to describe development until one’s death. In his theory, Erikson proposed that each human being passes through stages in life throughout their entire lifespan, from birth to death. His theory of psychosocial development is centered on what is known as the epigenetic principle, which proposes that all people go through a series of eight stages.
The key idea in Erikson’s theory is that in each new level, the individual must face new conflicts, which may or may not be successfully resolved within that stage. For example, he named the…
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