The Development Of A Primary Education For All

1460 Words6 Pages
Why Educate Nomadic Pastoralists?
There are a number of global efforts to help promote and work towards universal primary education for all, which includes pastoralist communities. Education development in Africa has been a concern and topic of discussion dating back to the 1960’s and before. “The Development of Education” conference took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia where leaders examined strategies to attain Universal Primary Education (UPE) by 1980. More than 2 decades after “The Development of Education” conference, African leaders met once again in Harare, Zimbabwe at the Conference of African Ministers of Education, where The Harare Declaration was drafted, which included several strategies for addressing the challenges the
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(Success document) Partnerships between local governments, communities and schools allows for transparency and understanding amongst each other. With a better understanding, collaboration is possible and together, viable solutions can be examined and enacted.

At the World Education Forum that took place in Dakar, Senegal in 2000, The Dakar Framework for Action, Education for All: Meeting our Collective Commitments was adopted. The framework gave specific instructions for each state’s government to have a plan developed by 2002 to enact Education for All (EFA) with the goal of achieving EFA targets by 2015. The EFA frameworks were designed and adapted for 6 different regions in the world including Sub-Saharan Africa (http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001211/121147e.pdf). The EFA framework and the World Declaration on Education for All in 1990 were designed and supported with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in mind. While pastoralist communities are not explicitly identified in the EFA framework, it is widely known that pastoralists are a hard to reach community due to their mobility, and the laborious nature of their livelihoods, which necessitates significant human effort. In addition, due to the geographic locations of many pastoralist groups, draughts and floods often impact schools and their ability to function and provide education. Despite the fact that pastoralists are hard to reach,
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