Since the signing of the 1951 peace treaty between Australia and Japan, the two countries have rapidly built a productive relationship. Many factors and events have contributed to the development of this partnership. The ANZUS treaty was the turning point in the Austral-Japanese relationship. It assured Australia protection against Japan and provided security in the Asia-Pacific region. Trade and cultural exchange also played a significant role in shaping Australia's relationship with Japan. Growth of trade was a contributor to the sense of a mutual interest between the two countries. The cultural exchange often helped to recognise and accept the differences between Australia and Japan.
In 2013 and 2014, applicants for jobs faced greater competition. In Japan, statistics have indicated the average length that an employee stays at their job has changed slightly from 1985 to 2005. Hence this illustrates that individuals on average are not staying with a particular job for as long as they used to. This is due to the increase in competitiveness in the job market. The unemployment rate of Australia was 6.4% in January 2015 with the comparison of Japan’s at 3.7% in December of 2013. These percentages have a significant variance when stating the differences in population sizes, indicating that Japan has more job opportunities than Australia, as a much smaller percentage of their population is unemployed. Unemployment is higher in regional areas of Australia. The youth unemployment rate is 6.4% (Nov. 2014), whereas Australia’s youth unemployment rate is far higher at 13.20% (Sept. 2014) indicating that youth unemployment is fairly high in Australia illustrating the significant difference between Australia and Japan’s youth. The majority of Japan’s workforce is located in the area of business and engineering workers and manufacturing workers, whereas most of the individuals employed in Australia are in the service industries. This shows that the job sector is
Australia is one of the successful multicultural country. There is also a great number of elderly that came from culturally and linguistically diverse background. The population of elderly in Australia are increasing every year. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015), the proportion of the population aged 65 years and over increase from 11.8% to 14.4% over 20 years from 1994- 2014, it is projected to increase rapidly over the next decades. As of June 30, 2014, there is an increase of 118, 700 of 65 years and above people over the past 12 months that represent the 3.6% increase in population (2015). 4 out of 10 Australians aged 65 and over (37%), were born over overseas in 2014 this is according to Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016).
There is no doubt that the ageing population is a subject which has attracted much attention of Governments and communities in the world. Even in Australia, it is considered as one of the most crucial challenges which will have to confront in the next 25 years ( Hugo, 2014). Population ageing is defined as a change in the age structure of a country toward older ages. This is the repercussion of many elements such as the declining fertility rate, baby boom period and advanced technology in medical and healthcare extending longevity.While a number of studies have been done into proving this trend having several negative effects, it can be argued that there are many beneficial impacts both on national economy and society. This essay aims to look at the positive influences of older population on the workforce, then the Australian Government Budget, and finally the community.
With the population aging, the dependency ratio will decrease greatly as those that are supporting those dependent on the government age themselves which means that there may be less people to carry Australia’s
It is quite certain that the majority of older people prefer to remain in their own home for as long as possible because they feel comfortable and secure in the environment they know so well. It has been recognised by researchers that the best option for elderly is to remain in their own home, but this is dependent on their health and safety...[elderly people] they are reluctant to apply this to themselves.(Denson, 2006). In comparison, Aged care in Australia includes everything from quantity aged care homes through to a wide range of schemes that give older people a change to live in their own homes and maintain their independence.
An active APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Corporation) member, Japan is the second most dominant world economic power. Being a world power endows it to having an influential role in not only in regional affairs but also global.
How have social policies and changes to the Australian welfare state affected the aged population.
The information gathered has been quite consistent with the expectations had before having begun this research report. The ageing population has been a topic that has discussed on the radio, in newspapers and on the news and so there was a fundamental understanding of the changing demographic facing the Australian population, though there wasn't much of understanding of why this was happening. This issue is something that many countries around the world are facing so this also makes it well publicised. In the future, more time could have been used to explore past Australian census which could provide more vital information on Australia's past and present populations
A major demographic change impacting Australia is the ageing population, it is expected that this change will accelerate over the coming years. (Corcoranb & Hana, 2014 pp. 2) The process of this begun during the post-war period and has started to impact Australia’s ability to cater to an ageing population. This is a result of the baby boomer generation beginning the transition from their work life into retirement. (Corcoranb & Hana, 2014 pp. 2) The ability to accommodate the ageing population has prompted questions regarding which areas will gain high levels of the ageing population growth and what services need to be provided to sustain this change. Corcoranb’s et al focuses on the spatial distribution in QLD and the impacting factors. The paper discusses reasons as to why ageing Australians may relocate to a new destination; some of these include a change in climate, retirement, deteriorating health and so on. According to Corcoranb et al (2014) a high proportion of ageing Australians move to more coastal regions due to the warmer climates.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008) by 2036 people aged sixty-five and older (frail aged) will make up 21.9% of the total New South Wales population. In 2007, there were 2.4 million people aged 65-84 years. According to the Series B projection, the number of people this age will grow by an average 2.7% per year to 2011, then accelerate to grow by an average 3.5% per year over
The ageing of societies will have a dramatic impact on both economy and Federal budget. For example, the potential to increased pressure on Government expenditure, particularly on pensions and health care (Klein-Collins & Snyder, 2011). There is evidenced that older Australians are increasingly vulnerable to a higher risk of poverty, with 14.8% of people over the age of 65 living below the 50% poverty line (Australian Council of Social Service, 2014). Australia’s human rights obligations required governments to ensure that older people are protected from poverty by providing social security income (Australian Human Right Commission, 2012). Australian governments, at all levels provide support payments that reduce social exclusion (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012). The age pension provides financial assistance and access to a range of concessions for eligible older Australian (Department of Human Services, n.d). The Age Pension is a fundamental part of Australia’s retirement income system and provides a safety net for those unable to fully support themselves in retirement (The Australian Government,
In 2011 forty million people were over the age of 65 (Jacobsen, Kent, Lee, Mather.) America is on the verge of an aging boom the likes of which have never been seen before. Baby Boomers, or Americans born between 1946 and 1964, have been straining community resources at every stage in their life cycle since the end of World War II (Span.) By 2050 the projected estimate of the aging population will soar to double what it was in 2011. In the coming years Americans will have to plan for where they all will go, and since Social Security makes up 82% of the income for the poorest 40% of people ages 65 and older (Jacobsen,) the plan will also have to be economically conscious, as well. Although there are many different styles of adult living and
To view a window into the future, take a look at Japan, where their population, who is advancing in age has brought the country’s once amazing economy to a standstill to the point where it will likely never truly recover.
According to Intergenerational report (2015), Australia’s population will grow and change over next 40 years. There will be increase in population of old people and less number of young people in coming future.