The Development Of Integrated Water Resources

1497 Words6 Pages
The UNDP/GWP Project developed a questionnaire to assess the level of access to clean water and sanitation in Kazakhstan. This questionnaire was part of the development of Integrated Water Resources (IWRM) part of whose overall aim was to “develop the strategy for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for Water Supply and Sanitation” (UNDP/GWP, 2005, pg 2). The questionnaire was specifically designed to address MDG7, target 10 which is to ‘Halve by the year 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation” (UNDP, 2004, pg 3). There were many methodological problems with the questionnaire produced (UNDP/GWP, 2005) including selection process, cultural bias, validity,…show more content…
De Vaus (2002) mentions that the value of surveys is in “that we collect information about the same variables or characteristics… and end up with a data grid… Since the same information is collected from each case the cases are directly comparable” (pg3). The technique used by the UNDP/GWP (2005) group did not address the same questions to every participant. Thus the extracted data is not strictly comparable. This also means the number of participants, 7515 or 0.05% of 15 million population, is misleading since not every participant answered each question, and the raw data did not include how many times each question was asked (UNDP/GWP, 2005). A study is only reliable if it is possible to replicate the evidence for the same situation (Simons, 2014, pg 76). The interview averaged over 20 minutes, with approximately 30 interviews in each area. This made the questionnaire time consuming for the interviewer and interviewee (UNDP/GWP, 2005). This length of questionnaire can become less engaging, leading to a drop in data quality. This could affect later questions suffering from a ‘fatigue bias’; when survey participants become tired of answering the questions and may refuse to answer any more questions (Parfitt, 2005). As the level of processing required to answer the question decreases, the quality of data provided deteriorates, more perfunctory answers and less detailed answers are given
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