The Development Of Integrated Water Resources

1497 Words Oct 23rd, 2014 6 Pages
The UNDP/GWP Project developed a questionnaire to assess the level of access to clean water and sanitation in Kazakhstan. This questionnaire was part of the development of Integrated Water Resources (IWRM) part of whose overall aim was to “develop the strategy for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for Water Supply and Sanitation” (UNDP/GWP, 2005, pg 2). The questionnaire was specifically designed to address MDG7, target 10 which is to ‘Halve by the year 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation” (UNDP, 2004, pg 3). There were many methodological problems with the questionnaire produced (UNDP/GWP, 2005) including selection process, cultural bias, validity, replicability, sampling, question type, and translation bias. This essay will examine questionnaire bias, fatigue bias, non-response bias, sample size validity, and problems with the methods used to sample an area. In addition, three output documents produced will be assessed.
The questionnaire was designed based on previous water quality surveys, with 7 sections each focusing on different aspects of water use, accessibility, and sanitation (UNDP/GWP, 2005). The questionnaire was intended to allow the respondents the maximum opportunity to respond (Parfitt, 2005). As Parfitt (2005) noted the questionnaire content should be relevant to the respondents, making them more likely to have an opinion on the matter. The interviewer broke the…
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