The Development Of Libya During The World War II

2225 WordsApr 27, 20169 Pages
Libya started its modern history with Italian conquest and industrialization as an Italian colony, but they soon became independent after involvement in world conflict. The 1912 Treaty of Lausanne officially granted the Italian Kingdom power over Tripoli and Cyrenaica in Libya. This treaty resulted from the Italo-Turkish war fought over North Africa; this marked the beginning of Italian Imperialism in Libya. Italian rule in Libya played a pivotal role in the industrialization of Libya. Italy built railroads, highways for the military, and improved agriculture to support a growing population. This was Libya’s first modern ruler and the beginning of Libya’s industrialization. This industrialization was crucial to the development of Libya as…show more content…
Idris used the Italian industrialization to his advantage and focused on exporting oil to continue moving in the industrial direction. Libyan independence started positively with promising oil rigs and the continuation of Libya’s involvement globally through trade instead of war. King Idris was Libya’s first and only king, because a socialist dictator soon took them over. Muammar Gaddafi replaced King Idris and continued to monopolize the oil industry, however, he used totalitarian methods to unite and control all of Libya. He campaigned and ruled under the catch phrase ‘freedom, socialism, and unity’, which outlined his style as a military dictator who ran a socialist country. Gaddafi grew Libya’s economy with oil, but he used his power over this oil to threaten countries and grow his support among the people. He used this economic power to boost his global status as a dictator. He produced 1.6 million barrels a day and argued his way into more interest and more revenue from oil, building an export economy that was successful. Gaddafi’s control of the country’s wealth is an example of his socialist rule; he also led socialist revolutions to further unify the state. Self-proclaimed ‘Leader of the Revolution’ created a Green Book that outlined his Islamism and socialism ideals, his desire for popular committees on all levels of government, and his belief in egalitarianism. Following this
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