The Development of Ancient Greece through Philosophic Evolution

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The Ancient Greeks founded for western culture a basis of understanding and appreciation of wisdom that still carries substantial influence in modern times. During this time, the need for understanding became predominate as humankind readied themselves to begin looking beyond religion and mysticism for answers upon the fundamental principles in life. Although, the pre-Socratics focused more toward a material aspect on the physical nature of things, Socrates and his disciples established an influential analysis into philosophy as the modern world knows it today, which spurred into stoicism, epicureanism, skepticism, and Neoplatonism during the time. This analytic foundation provides the basis for today’s metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and logic. This revolution of thought began with the pre-Socratics. Initiated by Thales of Miletus, others who followed him (Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Damon, Xenophanes, Parmenides, Zeno, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Leucippus, and Democritus) renounced the naivety of mysticism to question the processes of nature. Aquisitioning the elements of earth, water, fire, wind, and the void to categorize their discoveries the pre-Socratics are responsible not only for philosophical development, but math, physics, astronomy, biology and most other natural sciences. Although Thales encouraged this movement of thought, Anaximander (Thales’ pupil) gains recognition as the first writer of philosophy and Pythagoras gave philosophy
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