preview

The Development of Many Colors Essay

Decent Essays
As far back as the stone age men have looked for ways to share their lives and beliefs through art. Primitive drawings have been found in caves in Europe, Asia and Africa. The only thing missing was color to make the drawings more lifelike. By experimenting with plants, berries and minerals, men have developed beautiful colors that have been improved until we have the tempera, oils, acrylic and watercolor that artists use today. Tempera is the oldest paint medium known to man. Powered minerals, plants or clay were used for pigment and egg yolks were used as a binder. Sometimes, artists mixed the tempera with plaster to make frescoes on walls. Tempera paint is long lasting and does not change color over time like oils. The colors are…show more content…
He could not get the effect he wanted with the paint that was available at that time. He began to mix oil with his colors to thin the paint and slow down the drying time. This allowed him to add more shading and detail to his paintings(About.comPainting). Today's oil paint is a mixture of pigment(color), a binder which is usually linseed oil and a thinner which is usually turpentine(Oil Paint History). It was very hard to keep paint fresh during the early days of art. Before the nineteenth century artist or their assistants were required to mix fresh batches of paint every day. Then "colormen" began selling ready-made paint in pig bladders. Artists had to punch a hole in the bladder to get the paint out and they put a tack in the hole to reseal it. In 1822 James Hams, an English artist, invented a glass syringe with a plunger to force the paint out. Finally, in 1841 the American artist John Goffe Rand invented and patented the squeezable tube with a twist cap. Today this invention is not only used for paint, it is also used for toothpaste, ointment, creams, etc(About.comPainting). Acrylic resin was invented by Dr. Otto Rohm in the 1930's. By the 1950's Liquite began offering water soluble artist acrylic paint(ARTmine). It is a fast drying paint. In her book "Brave Intuitive Painting" Flora Bowley explains that acrylics come in both heavy-bodied and fluid paint. The heavy-bodied paints are opaque and are
Get Access