The Development of Nationalist Ideas Within Sikh Community 1940s-1980s

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Introduction After the bloodshed among devotees of different faiths resided in South Asia, India, though partitioned, at last gained independence in 1947. Even if it was stated that this ‘’new-born’’ country will be a secular state, the majority of population was regarded as Hindus and fear of possible subordination of other communities was displayed. The majority of Muslims who supported All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah moved to Pakistan where the whole governmental system was built to maintain and develop Muslim society. It seemed that both Hindu and Muslim majorities were more-or-less content about post-colonial juncture but not the rest of population that did not fit to both categories. The notions of partition…show more content…
This ceremony obliged initiates to keep the hair unshorn, to wear arms and to bear the epithet ‘Singh’ with their names. Establishment of Khālsā pretended to eliminate non-baptised Sikhs from religious community and make socio-religious identity of Sikhs more distinct than that of the earlier Sikhs. Slight tension between non-Khalsa and Khalsa Sikhs is still visible. Mughal Empire started to decline in XVIII c. and it capacitated the rise of successor states. From 1799 Ranjit Singh started unification of the territories in Punjab where Sikhs formed dominant element in the ruling class. Hindus and Muslims were not eliminated from the society but Sikhs received much larger share then they did. Agriculture, trade and manufacturing were revived. Arts and literature took distinctive shape; Ranjit Singh encouraged historical literature in Persian what indicates that Persian language was still the language of authorities and ruling power. But some works appears in Punjabi, too. The Empire of Ranjit Singh existed only until 1849 when it was taken over by British who had already established their political control over the rest of the subcontinent, but the echo of its glory in documents and sourcebooks was remembered during the revival of Sikh nationalism in XX c and was one of the factors in revitalizing solidarity and unity among Sikhs. Punjabi Suba in the
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