The Development of Rockets

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1.3 Developing of rockets.
Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was one of the very first people who put forward the idea of using rockets for space missions, he was also the first person to design a rocket for interplanetary exploration and he accomplished this in 1903. German scientist Hermann Oberth continued to outline the principles of interplanetary flight in 1920, soon followed by an American scientist Robert Goddard who began to develop a liquid rocket engine in 1923 and by 1925 had created a working prototype. He set up the first liquid rocket, using gasoline and liquid oxygen as fuel in March of 1926. The works of Tsiolkovsky, Oberth and Goddard were then continued by rocketry enthusiast groups in the United States, the Soviet Union and Germany (Aerospace, 1994)
In Germany, similar works were led by German Interplanetary Society (VFR), as part of the group, Johannes Winkler implemented Europe's first successful liquid rocket launch in March of 1931 and Wernher von Braun who began the development of rocket engines for the German army artillery range in Kummersdorf in the winter of 1932. After the Nazis came to power in Germany they allocated some funding for the development of missiles, and in the spring of 1936 the construction rocket centre has been approved at Peenemunde, with von Braun appointed as technical director. He developed the A-4 ballistic missile and in 1944 began its combat application called V- 2. Military applications of V-2 demonstrated the
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