The Development of the Chicago Schools

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This essay will attempt to trace the development of the ecological studies of crime found by the Chicago School and how the findings have shaped our understanding of crime in the 21st century. Firstly by introducing the Chicago School theory, also known as the, Theory of Social Disorganisation and the Ecological School Theory. The University of Chicago formed a department of Sociology in 1892 it's focus related to issues in Criminology and Sociology, with interests in and towards Social Psychology along with Urban Sociology. The main focus of the Chicago school was that human behaviour was both formed and shaped by the environment. T he social and the physical environment, that an individual resides in and that it was environment over genes that was the primary determinant to behaviour among humans. It was a man by name of Robert E. Park coined the term Human Ecology, a form of social Darwinism, a requirement of which is a need to observe and examine people in their own environment. Ecological Studies take the natural science concepts used in biology and anthropology, their community studies. These topics cover dominance, invasion, succession among plant and animal ecology, the dominant uses of land within the observed area, the shifting movements and forces that shape them with regard to society, the altered environment and any impact it has towards the chances of crime. In the decades preceding the Chicago School between 1830-1860, the studies of crime in America were
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