The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

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This paper goes over several topics all of which are related to the mind and what is or is not perceived as a mental disorder. There are many different types of approaches to personality. Understanding each approach and how it compares to the others will help understand how one develops their personality. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is in its fifth edition. Had the original manual never been updated, there would be many individuals who are misdiagnosed. As technology advances, so does medicine and the medical industry. It is essential the DSM is kept up-to-date with the latest information to ensure all people receive the best possible treatment. Medical advances are constant and without continual…show more content…
Compare and Contrast Psychodynamic approaches usually involve the individuals unconscious. Assumptions to the Psychodynamic approach as described by Saul McLeod in 2007 are: • There are three personalities, the id, ego and super ego • The personalities, id and super ego (unconscious mind) are always conflicting with the ego (conscious mind) • The id motivates behavior from two drives; the Eros which controls the sex and life drive and the Thanatos which controls the aggressive and death instinctual drive • The unconscious motives highly affect a person’s feelings or behavior • The Slip of the tongue is affected by unconscious behavior • Childhood memories affect the way an individual feels as an adult • Childhood experiences, positive and negative shape the individuals personality into adulthood Traits are parts of us as individuals through interaction and repetition make us who we are. Gordon Allport in 1936 believed the human personality centered on just three types of traits: Central traits, Secondary traits and Cardinal traits. Central traits are formed during childhood. One or two of these traits dominate the other traits and form the Cardinal traits. These traits are environmentally influenced. Secondary traits are not considered important and are limited in nature suck as a phobia. (Heffner, 2015). The Learning approach in personality is the altering of behavior based on learning something and changing to suit one’s
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