The Dichotomy Of Justice In Plato's The Republic

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The Dichotomy of Justice
In Plato’s The Republic, he defines justice by comparing it to a harmony between people within a society. Highlighting there are virtues that embody the idea of justice, Plato encompasses that there are several virtues to the actions of being just as he examines deductive reasoning through Socrates’s conversations with his students. Similarly in Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, he strictly defines lawfulness to being just and unlawfulness to being unjust. Aristotle, a student of Plato, also defines the idea of friendship to be a virtue of justice where being friendly towards one another constitutes as being just towards one another. As Aristotle views friendship as a virtue, Plato provides the idea that
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Through Socrates expressing action as a virtue of justice, Plato examines the embodiment of justice as a harmony between the variety of “wholly good” people (P 32). After reinforcing his idea about the virtues of justice between people, Socrates builds off his established claim and states, “If we contrast the extremes of justice and injustice, we shall be able to make the decision correctly; but if we don’t, we won’t,” (P 39). Plato enforces this idea from Socrates, so he can examine a problem of mankind: decisions. Exemplifying that human nature leads people to benefit themselves, Socrates explains that there is a direct difference between just and unjust, but humans never truly act one way, and will either be just or unjust to benefit themselves. This flaw elucidates that there is no possible way for society to be completely just. Socrates later enforces this claim when describing the hypothetical society of Kallipolis because it consists of humanity being just towards one another which is not feasible and unobtainable in an imperfect world. Through Socrates’s guidance, Plato unveils the overarching idea that justice is harmonious between people but infallible as a way of living due to the human condition of always benefitting one’s self.
Exposing his ideas through analogies to compare his abstract ideas to concrete realizations, Aristotle expresses the key concept of justice as either one or the other of faithfulness or
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