The Dietary Guidelines State That Adolescents Should Aim

1530 WordsAug 24, 20167 Pages
Adolescents is a critical period of growth and development therefore good nutrition is essential. Every adolescent grows and develops at different rates and the can be a reason why unrealistic expectations develop. The Australian Dietary Guidelines state that adolescents should aim to: – Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods such as: o Vegetables of different types and colours, and legumes/beans o Fruit o Grain foods, mostly whole grain and high cereal fibre varieties o Lean meat and poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds o Milk, yoghurt and cheese – Drink plenty of water – Limit intake of foods containing saturated fat, added salt and added sugars The following table is the recommended average daily number of serves from each of the five food groups, also known as the RDI, from Vegetables & Legumes/ Beans Fruit Grain Foods Lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts, seeds Milk, cheese Boys 12-13 5.5 2 6 2.5 3.5 14-18 5.5 2 7 2.5 3.5 Girls 12-12 5 2 7 2.5 3.5 14-18 5 2 8 2.5 3.5 Daily intake of sodium, zinc and potassium intake is the same across all groups. The daily intake of iron is the same across both gender however adolescents need more iron than other age groups and the volumes of blood in their body is growing as well as a growing muscle mass. The 12-15 year old age group requires more calcium and phosphorous than the 16-18 year old group in both genders, as they have already reached peak bone density. The 16-18 year old age
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