The Difference Between Piaget And Vygotsky

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In contrast to Piaget, Vygotsky did not believe there were set stages of development but instead emphasised the role of society in cognitive development, hence, his theory being described as a sociocultural theory. He believed that complex thinking originated through social interactions and could not be understood if separated from the cultural setting. He assumed that learning and cultural development happened twice, first on a social level and then on an individual level where thought processes became internalised (Bee and Boyd, 2010). ‘For Vygotsky, social interaction was more than influence, it was the origin of higher mental processes such as problem solving’ (Woolfolk et al., 2008, p.53). For teachers in the classroom setting this would…show more content…
This gap between what a child can learn on their own and what they can achieve with some guidance from someone who is more knowledgeable than themselves is known as the zone of proximal development (Woolfolk, 2016). This idea is very applicable to a classroom setting because the role of a teacher is to help pupils bridge that gap of what they can learn for themselves and what they need guidance and encouragement to understand. They should bear in mind that a class of younger pupils would need much more assistance in many aspects compared to an older class in high school for example. At this stage the teacher would provide less obvious guidance and allow pupils to become more independent learners, while still explaining concepts which they may struggle to understand fully without…show more content…
References

Bee, H. and Boyd, D. (2010) The Developing Child, 12th edn, Boston: Pearson.
Educational Psychology, (2000) Available at: http://www2.education.uiowa.edu/html/eportfolio/tep/07p075folder/Piaget_Vygotsky.htm (Accessed: 22nd January 2018).
Golden, (2011) Difference Between Vygotsky and Piaget, Available at: http://www.differencebetween.net/science/differenc-between-vygotsky-and-piaget/ (Accessed: 22nd January 2018).
Gray, C. and MacBlain, S. (2012) Learning Theories in Childhood, 2nd edn, London: Sage.
Misssmith891 (2011) Piaget’s Stages of Development, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRF27F2bn-A (Accessed: 20th January 2018).
Woolfolk, A. (2016) Educational Psychology, 13th edn, Essex: Pearson.
Woolfolk, A., Hughes, M. and Walkup, V. (2008) Psychology in Education, Essex:
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