The Difference Principle Essay

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The Difference Principle

Every citizen aspires to obtain a just society in which to live. Some political philosophers hold differing opinions as how to reach this just society. One of the more widely accepted approaches is John Rawl's Difference Principle.
To achieve a just society, Rawls believes in two principles. The first principle states that each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others. The second principle is that social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both a)reasonably expected to be to everyone's advantage, and b) attached to positions and offices open to all (Rawls, 60).
Within Rawls' second principle of justice
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The worst possible outcome in this case would be earning no money at all. The third possibility would be based on the Difference Principle. This economy has regulated capitalism and protects the worst off. For instance, with unequal wages, some people will be earning a great deal more than others. The least advantaged will receive $20,000 dollars no matter what. So we see here, that with the Difference Principle, we still maintain the society's justice while in the same note raising the least advantaged citizen's standard of living. Therefore, not only is it a just society, but all members benefit from the unequal distribution of wealth.
With this rise in income, citizens can afford more than the bare necessities. They will develop a greater capacity to save and will increase their economic growth over time. These being the facts, all members of society will eventually choose the difference principle on their own.
Rawls states, "Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, consistent with the just savings principle". The question now is what determines the least advantaged in a society? Rawls seems to consider them as members of the lower social class or those who have an income lower than the society's

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