The Differences Between The North And The South

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The stark differences between the North and the South surface on a myriad of occasions throughout the novel, and can incontrovertibly be argued as some of the main causes of the war. Fremantle, for example, is an Englishman who shadows Longstreet. As he tries to reason the causes of the war and how they fit into the experiment of democracy in the United States, he cogitates, “The North has those bloody cities and a thousand religions and the only aristocracy is the aristocracy of wealth. The Northerner doesn’t give a damn for tradition, or breeding, or the Old Country. He hates the Old Country…. In the South…by and large, they were all the same nationality, same religion, same customs.” (121). In stating that the war is in fact actually about all of these differences, he contemplates the sentiment of the South, comparing it to the willingness Americans had once had to leave Europe, contrasting it with the rising changes of the North. However, the changes and disunity that Englishman Freemantle observed were not the only reasons for the tension between the two areas. Each geographic region had vastly different economic regions. Being that the North (Union) was about twice in size of the South (Confederacy), size and population resulted in mottled economical structure. The Union’s diverse economy was comprised of factories and manufacturing bases, while the Confederates maintained their flourishing cotton agriculture. Because of this, arms for the war were predominantly
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