The Differences Which the Regions of New England and Chesapeake Developed in the United States

548 Words 3 Pages
Although the New England and Chesapeake regions of the United States were both settled by the English in the 1600s, they developed into two very different communities based mainly on their geographical location and religious devotion. Unlike their European rivals, the English founded colonies in North America.
Settlers in the Chesapeake region used force to take possession of Indian lands. The Chesapeake region of the colonies included Virginia, Maryland, the New Jerseys and Pennsylvania. In 1607, Jamestown (the first English colony in the New World) was founded by a group of settlers along the James River. And because the colony was near water, the Pilgrims had a great advantage. They created a society that was full of companies
…show more content…
The population was majority black-slaves and with the downfall in the tobacco industry, plantation owners relied on them to become their own indentured servants.
New England was north of the Chesapeake, and included Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Haven (which soon became part of Connecticut). The New Englanders were largely Puritan Separatists, who sought religious freedom. They came in large groups, or families, bringing with them their children and servants because they wanted to permanently settle in America without returning to England. When the Church of England separated from Catholicism under Henry VIII, Protestantism flourished in England. Some Protestants, however, wanted complete separation from Catholicism and looked to Calvinism. These “Separatists,” along with the Catholics who had not joined the Church of England, came to New England in hopes of finding this religious freedom where they would be free to have their own beliefs. The farms that they had been left with were much smaller and less productive. The farmers were in need of more land, and they had to fight with Indians over land rights. This had led to Bacon’s Rebellion of 1676. Although the rebellion was not successful, it was one of the major economic and political developments in the American colonies. New England settlers reproduced much of England’s economy, with only minor variations. They did not invest
Open Document