The Differences and Similarities of Pneumonia and Tuberculosis

2523 Words Oct 16th, 1999 11 Pages
The Differences and Similarities of Pneumonia and Tuberculosis

Pneumonia and tuberculosis have been plaguing the citizens of the world for centuries causing millions of deaths. This occurred until the creation and use of antibiotics become more widely available. These two respiratory infections have many differences, which include their etiology, incidence and prevalence, and many similarities in their objective and subject indicators, medical interventions, course, rehabilitation and effects.

To explore the relationship between pneumonia and tuberculosis we will examine a case study. Joan is a 35 year old women who was feeling fine up till a few weeks ago when she develop a sore throat. Since her sore throat she had
been
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It is caused by bacteria called either Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Tubercle bacillus.
Tuberculosis can infect any part of the body but is most often found in the lungs where it causes a lung infection or pneumonia.

Etiology

There has been a resurgence of TB due to a number of factors that include:

1. the HIV / AIDS epidemic, 2. the increased number of immigrants, 3. the increase in poverty, injection drug use and homelessness, 4. poor compliance with treatment regiments and; 5. the increased number of residents in long term facilities (Cook & Dresser, 1995).

The tuberculosis bacteria is spread through the air however transmission will only occur after prolonged exposure. For example you only have a 50% chance to become infected if you spend eight hours a day for six months with someone who has active TB (Cook & Dresser, 1995).

The tuberculosis bacteria enters the air when a TB patient coughs, sneezes or talks and is then inhaled. The infection can lie dormant in a person's system for years causing them no problems however when their immune system is weakened it gives the infection a chance to break free.

Types of TB Treatments

Types of treatment will depend on whether the patient has inactive or active tuberculosis. To diagnose active TB the doctor will look at the patients' symptoms, and outcomes of the skin test,