The Differences between Static and Flexible Budgets

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Introduction This paper will describe the differences between static and flexible budgets. Budgeting is a key component of financial management in any business. The most traditional form of budget is the static budget, which is one "that incorporates values about inputs and outputs that are conceived before the period in question begins" (Investopedia, 2012). This concept will be contrasted with a flexible budget. This technique allows for the values of inputs and outputs to be changed at any point, or at multiple points, during the period in question. The company would normally make such a change whenever it is realized that the change is needed. A new price from a supplier, for example, could be reflected immediately in a flexible budget, rather than at the end of the period. This and other differences between the two types of budget will be outlined in the course of this paper. The first section will explain the relationship between fixed and variable costs in a flexible budget. The second section will discuss the differences between static and flexible budgets. The third section will explain how flexible budgets can assist with cost-volume-profit (CVP) analysis. Explain the relationship between fixed and variable costs used in a flexible budget The essential relationship between fixed and variable costs is the same whether the budget is static or flexible. The key is that in the flexible budget, both fixed and variable costs are subject to change. In most cases,

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