The Different Types of Diabetes

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Diabetes is a metabolic diseases also know as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is when a person has to high blood glucose or also known as sugar, diabetes affects 7% of the population. diabetes is happens when the body can not control the bodies blood sugar level or keep it at a homeostasis level. There are two types of diabetes and one that happens when a women is pregnant, there is Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. There are different treatments and ways of living with Diabetes. The normal blood sugar level is 80 to 120 mg/dL. If the blood sugar drops below 80 mg/dL is is called hypoglycemia, and if it goes below 40 mg/dL it is a hypoglycemia crisis. If the blood sugar goes above 120 mg/dL it is called…show more content…
Hyperglycemia is when the blood sugar goes above 120 mg/dL. This will happen when a patient eats to many carbohydrates or sugar and the blood sugar spikes. This can also happen when a patient eats a meal and does not take their insulin and their blood sugar will go up. If a patient is hyperglycemic some signs they might show is warm and dry skin, intense thirst, should not be hungry, a sweet fruity breath, their pulse should be rapid, might have slurred speech, could have Kussmaul respirations and that is when a patient is breathing fast and deep. When a patient is hyperglycemic they need to go to the hospital because they can run test there and get their blood sugar levels to a safe level. Type 1 Diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin and approximately 10% of diabetics are type 1. This type of person will need to do daily injections to supplement their insulin needs. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes, early-onset diabetes, or juvenile diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes normally develops in childhood. If a patient takes to much insulin or takes their insulin and does not eat they can become hypoglycemic. Some times a person will have an insulin pump and this is a device that has a catheter under the skin and that is how the patient gets their insulin and not shots. If the patient eats more then normal they can press a button on the device and it will give them more insulin.

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