The Different Types of Schools in Relation to Educational Stages and School Governance.

825 Words Dec 17th, 2011 4 Pages
The different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance.

The four main types of mainstream state schools that are funded by local authority are known as maintained schools. All children in England between the ages of five and 16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. Most go to state schools. Children normally start primary school at the age of four or five, but many schools now have a reception year for four year olds. Children normally leave at the age of 11, moving on to secondary school. Most state schools admit both boys and girls, though some are single-sex. The four main types of state school all receive funding from local authorities. They all follow the National Curriculum and are
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As with community schools, the local authority employs the school's staff and sets the admissions criteria. The school land and buildings are normally owned by a charity, often a religious organisation, which also appoints some of the members of the governing body.
Specialist schools - Though they follow the National Curriculum, specialist schools focus on a particular subject area. Examples include sports, technology or visual arts. Specialist schools operate in partnership with private-sector sponsors and receive additional Government funding, allowing them to establish distinct identities through their chosen specialism and achieve targets for raising standards, while working within the requirements of the National Curriculum. Any maintained secondary school in England can apply for specialist status, in the following areas: arts, business and enterprise, engineering, humanities, languages, mathematics and computing, music, science, sports, technology or applied learning.
Special Schools with secondary age students can specialise in one of the four areas of the special educational needs (SEN) Code of Practice. Specialist Schools which meet a range of criteria can also opt for a second specialism in a range of curriculum and system leadership areas.
State schools with particular characteristics
Within the state schools system described above, there are a number of schools with
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