The Differential of Citizenry in Ernest Hemmingway's Writing

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“For what are we born for if not to aid one another?” (Hemingway). Throughout the various literary masterpieces of author Earnest Hemingway, one key aspect, or the lack thereof, is best used to characterize the numerous archetypes of Hemingway’s novels; community value. While many of Hemingway’s best stories focus on the struggles of life, often times, it is through community outreach that a protagonist is able to persevere. Enveloping readers within stories that range from extreme greed to subtle humility, examples of exemplary social service are portrayed not only numerous times, but as interval segments of Hemingway’s novels. However, through three of Hemingway’s best literary works -- The Old Man and the Sea, To Have and Have Not, and For Whom the Bell Tolls -- consequences of social duty are best exemplified. It is through varying values of citizenry that each archetype from their respective novel can be differentiated, as seen in times of war, poverty, and the necessity to provide basic materials to those less fortunate. Set in the duration of the Spanish civil war, For Whom the Bell Tolls presents the quintessential image of community and benevolence; Robert Jordan. Leaving a comfortable life in America for one of a Spanish bridge bomber, Jordan emphasizes the importance of helping others in need. During one of his combat missions, in which he is pinned down due to heavy gunfire, Robert turns to a terrified stranger lying next to him. Looking directly into his

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