The Discovery Of The Lyre

1357 Words Dec 10th, 2015 6 Pages
Ancient Mesopotamia was home to many artistic and mechanical developments. This was due to the emerging civilizations in the fourth millennium BCE. Among these creations, archaeologists discovered musical instruments, which were carefully crafted by Sumerian artists. One of the most acclaimed artifacts from ancient Mesopotamia is the Bull-Headed Lyre. The discovery of the lyre has reinvented the way that history professionals evaluate early human civilization. The Bull-Headed Lyre has impacted history by creating a foundation for an expression of beliefs about wealth in the Sumerian culture. This will be examined through a visual analysis of the Bull-Headed Lyre, evaluating its discovery, and analyzing its representation of wealth. There is a lot of meaning behind the Bull-Headed Lyre. The bull’s head is a representation of the sun god, Shamash, “the divine judge who shines light on all things” (“Lyre”). This is the only god that can enter the underworld and return to earth, which corresponds to the Sumerian’s belief in an afterlife (“Lyre”). Due to this, it is reasonable that the four registers on the front of the sound box signify a funeral ritual. The first register depicts a man grasping onto a composite creature, part man part bull, on both his left and right side. This may signify a victory. The second register displays a dog walking with a table that has animal remains on top. A lion is holding a canister and follows behind the dog. This scene may represent one’s…

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