The Dispute Over Agricultural Trade Liberalization Between The United States And Brazil

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In 2002, a dispute over agricultural trade liberalization between the United States and Brazil arose. Brazil filed a lawsuit against the United Stated in the World Trade Organization Dispute (WTO) Settlement System arguing that the subsidies the United States provided to US farmers violated WTO trade agreements and gave US farmers unfair advantages (Unit 7, lesson 5). Fortunately for Brazil, the World Trade Organization agreed with their claim and authorized them to take “punitive measures against the United States” (Cengage unit 7, 3). As a result of that authorization, Brazil decided “to impose tariffs and lift patent protections on US goods” (Cengage unit 7, 3). In order to limit the damage that could have been created by Brazil’s actions, the United States had to make a smart move. As a matter of fact, they decided to provide cottons to Brazilians rather than removing the subsidies. Over 150 Million in subsidies have been provided to the Brazilians, in 2010 so that Brazil do not impose punitive measures (Cengage unit 7, 3). There exists both, pros and cons for subsidizing U.S. farmers. In fact, US farmer strongly support subsidies claiming that it gives the US an important industry and helps the regulations. However, subsidizing US farmers has some consequences. The cons argue that “subsidies provided to US agricultural producers create inefficiency in the global economy” (unit 7). Also, according to economists, subsidizing stands in the way of the economy growth

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