The Divine Command Theory And The Doctrine Dilemma Essay

1448 WordsMay 12, 20166 Pages
Introduction – The Divine Command Theory is the idea that morality is ingrained in the nature and command of God, and the Euthyphro Dilemma is one of the most common arguments refuting the Divine Command Theory. The argument was inspired by Plato’s Euthyphro dialogue, which contains the question “Are morally good acts willed by god because they are morally good? Or are morally good acts, morally good because they are willed by god?” (Euthyphro, 10a). This question raises large problems for the Divine Command Theory as each of these two possibilities leads to conclusions that the Divine Command Theorist cannot accept. This essay will explore the arguments against the Divine Command Theory and attempt to explain how morals are able to exist without God. ADD MORE WORDS The Origin of the Euthyphro Dilemma – One of the most common refutes for the Divine Command Theory is the Euthyphro Dilemma, constructed by Plato. The Euthyphro is a discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro set outside a courthouse in Athens. Socrates is on trial as he is being convicted of corrupting youth with impiety, and Euthyphro is there to accuse his father for the murder of a slave (Plato. and Walker, 1984). Socrates reasons that Euthyphro must know about piety and impiety, as someone willing to commit their father to the court house must be sure that is the moral thing to do. Socrates asks Euthyphro to explain to him what piety means, in hope that he may learn, and therefore present no further
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